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WHY STAPHYLOCOCCUS IS BECOMING RESISTANT TO ANTIBIOTICS –PHYSICIAN

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The National Coordinator, National Tuberculosis, Leprosy and Buruli Ulcer Control Programme, Dr. Chukwuma Anyaike, has said that while staphylococcus aureus, a bacteria that can cause infection in human beings is found on human skin, it can also be transmitted through sexual acts.

The public health physician said although staphylococcus is sometimes misdiagnosed it can cause infection when it gets to the wrong place including the private parts of humans.

According to him, staphylococcus is a stubborn organism that has in recent times become resistant to common antibiotics.

He stressed that staphylococcus is not supposed to be found in the vagina or urethra of a man, noting that when it finds its way into those places it will not only cause infection but can also be transmitted during sexual acts.

There has been a lot of misunderstanding about the transmission of Staphylococcus with some people arguing that the bacteria cannot be transmitted sexually.

But speaking in an exclusive interview with PUNCH HealthWise, Anyaike noted that people can get staphylococcus in the hospital through contaminated objects, adding that everybody is at risk of Staphylococcus.

The NTBLCP boss urged Nigerians to improve their hygiene to prevent Staphylococcus, adding that citizens should also avoid having multiple sex partners.

Giving reasons why staphylococcus is sexually transmitted, the public health expert explained, “Staphylococcus is not supposed to be in the vagina or urinary tract. So, once it enters there, it is in the wrong place and can be sexually transmitted just like other organisms like Ecoli.

Ecoli is not supposed to be in the vagina or the male private part. If staphylococcus is in the wrong place, it will start growing and then gives symptoms that will make you very uncomfortable.

 “If you are a woman and you have staphylococcus in your vagina or thereabout, ordinarily, your body may react by discharging or by itching because the bacteria is in the wrong place or you will be having a burning sensation.

“So, what do we mean by sexually transmitted? Because it has entered the wrong place and if you have sex with a man, the man will get infected and if the man has sex with another woman and introduces it to her, then the infection will continue to spread. That is why it is sexually transmitted.”

Continuing, he said “A lot of things can be sexually transmitted when an organism is in the wrong place.

“Sexually transmitted is basically a confirmation of the channel through which an infection has spread. When you carry an organism into another place that is not supposed to be through sexual acts, it becomes sexually transmitted.

“So, staphylococcus can be sexually transmitted. It is not a normal organism in the vagina. You can see it on the skin. It is also a normal contaminant in the laboratory. Even during foreplay, staphylococcus can be introduced into the vagina. So, your hygiene must be high and you must be decent and clean.

“Ordinarily, staphylococcus is not supposed to be found in the vagina of a woman and the urethra of a man because it is in the wrong place and if it is in the wrong place it can come up with itching, and a burning sensation.”

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160,000 CHILDREN ACQUIRED HIV IN 2021 – WHO

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Photos: persecondnews.com

…a child dies from AIDS-related causes every five minutes

The World Health Organisation said 160,000 children acquired the Human Immunodeficiency Virus in 2021.

The WHO also said a child dies from AIDS-related causes every five minutes globally.

The global health body in a press statement made available to our correspondent noted that ministers and representatives from twelve African countries have committed themselves, and laid out their plans, to end AIDS in children by 2030.

“Currently, around the world, a child dies from AIDS-related causes every five minutes.

“Only half (52 per cent) of children living with HIV are on life-saving treatment, far behind adults of whom three quarters (76 per cent) are receiving antiretrovirals.

“In 2021, 160,000 children newly acquired HIV.

“Children accounted for 15 per cent of all AIDS-related deaths, despite the fact that only four per cent of the total number of people living with HIV are children,” the statement read in part.

The UN body said twelve countries with high HIV burdens -Nigeria, Angola, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Mozambique, South Africa, the United Republic of Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, have joined the alliance to ensure that the 2030 target is met.

The Director-General of the WHO, Dr Tedros Ghebreyesus, said the organisation is committed to leaving no children in need of HIV treatment behind.

Dr Ghebreyesus said “More than 40 years since AIDS first emerged, we have come a long way in preventing infections among children and increasing access to treatment, but progress has stalled.

“The Global Alliance to End AIDS in Children is a much-needed initiative to reinvigorate progress. WHO is committed to supporting countries with the technical leadership and policy implementation to realise our shared vision of ending AIDS in children by 2030.”

Also, the Executive Director of UNAIDS, Winnie Byanyima said “An inequality that breaks my heart is that against children living with HIV, and leaders today have set out their commitment to the determined action needed to put it right. As the leaders noted, with the science that we have today, no baby needs to be born with HIV or get infected during breastfeeding, and no child living with HIV needs to be without treatment. The leaders were clear: they will close the treatment gap for children to save children’s lives.”

The Executive Director of The Global Fund, Peter Sands said, “In 2023, no child should be born with HIV, and no child should die from an AIDS-related illness.

“Let’s seize this opportunity to work in partnership to make sure the action plans endorsed today are translated into concrete steps and implemented at scale.

“Together, led by communities most affected by HIV, we know we can achieve remarkable results.”

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JAPA: 2,000 DOCTORS LEFT NIGERIA 2022, SAYS NARD

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The President of the Nigerian Association of Resident Doctors, Dr Orji Innocent, raised the alarm over the huge number of members of the association moving out of the country for greener pastures, saying that the association has lost over 2,000 members in the last two years.

He said if the situation is not tackled, it may degenerate to a point where Nigerians would wake up one day and discover there are no more doctors in the hospitals.

Innocent raised the concern on Saturday while fielding questions from journalists after the presentation of a communiqué issued at the end of the association’s conference in Uyo.

He said a survey conducted in December revealed that over 2,000 members left for greener pastures.

Meanwhile, in the communiqué, the association called for increased budgetary funding of the healthcare sector in the country, to the tune of 15 per cent annual budgetary allocation to improve the quality of healthcare delivery.

The communiqué read in part, “The National Executive Council welcomes the committee set up by the Federal Government to mitigate the brain drain in the health sector.

“The association urges a speedy conclusion of the task and immediate implementation of their recommendations to improve healthcare service delivery and reduce the emigration of skilled healthcare workers from the country.

“NEC calls for increased funding of the healthcare sector in the country, to the tune of 15 per cent annual budgetary allocation in line with the 2001 Abuja Declaration for healthcare financing in Africa and global best practices as well as the digitalisation of the healthcare services to improve the quality of healthcare delivery to Nigerian citizens.”

The President said NEC urged the Chief Medical Directors of tertiary hospitals in the country to take responsibility for security in their various hospitals as NARD would no longer continue to watch her members being assaulted by staff members, patients, relatives or security operatives.

He said the association called on the Inspector General of Police to investigate and arrest the perpetrators of the illegal shooting of one of its members in Delta and to ensure they are adequately punished to serve as a deterrent to others.

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WHY CHILDREN FROM WEALTHY HOMES MAY ABUSE DRUGS —PSYCHIATRISTS

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Mental health experts have dispelled the notion that there is a class difference in the increasing trends of drug abuse among youths in Nigeria.

They noted that contrary to assumptions, children from wealthy homes are also abusing all sorts of drugs just like children from less rich homes.

They added that the fact that children from wealthy homes easily have money to get drugs to quench their pain, disappointments, and failures enables them to have access to some very dangerous drugs.

According to the experts, there are, however, some different factors fuelling drug abuse by children from wealthy homes as well as the kind of drugs they abuse.

Speaking with our correspondent, the experts, Consultant Psychiatrist and the Medical Director and Chief Executive Officer, Federal Neuro-psychiatric Hospital, Yaba, Dr. Olugbenga Owoeye, and a Nigerian-trained but American based Psychiatrist, Academic, and Addiction Expert, Dr. John Akinbote, said it has become necessary to address factors fuelling substance abuse by youths from wealthy homes as well those from a poor background.

Speaking with PUNCH HealthWise, Dr. Owoeye said it was important to stress that children from wealthy homes as well as those from poor backgrounds now abuse drugs, even though the types of drugs they are exposed to and abuse are different.

The Medical Director of the Federal Government owned psychiatric hospital said the factors fuelling drug abuse among children from wealthy homes are also different.

He said, “There are many factors that lead to substance use disorder – biological, psychological, and social.

“Biological is genetic and hereditary. Psychological is personality and psychological disorders, mental health disorders.

“Some of them may want to use it as a coping mechanism or to self-medicate.

“The social factors include the areas where they live, whether it’s a drug-prone area, the type of friends they have in schools – peer pressure. The list is inexhaustible.

“Now, the type of drugs that any of these adolescents or young adults abuse depends on the environment and the availability of such drugs in such environment.

“For example, all these drugs are available almost everywhere but there are some that are peculiar to the slum. In the slum, you have alcohol in various types and concussions. And that is where you also see Indian Hemp of various types, of various combinations, and cannabis of various types and combinations.

“Cannabis of various grades and combinations are also available in some high-brow areas too.

“However, there are some other drugs which are common now in the high brow areas like all these injectables, for example, that is where you see them injecting themselves.

“Some other expensive drugs are also available in the high brow areas such as cocaine and heroine. So you see that those people from environments where there is some degree of affluence are highly involved in all these. Where you have various sophisticated hubs and restaurants. So these are the places where you have these sophisticated drugs.

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